The thyroid gland is located in the anterior portion of your neck just above your collarbone. It is vitally important in regulating your body’s metabolism. It is also involved in the growth and development of the human body.
There are both benign and malignant disease processes of the thyroid that may necessitate surgery. A thyroidectomy is the complete removal of the thyroid gland. A thyroid lobectomy is the surgical removal of a portion of the thyroid gland.
When a thyroid nodule or mass is detected, a biopsy may be indicated. The initial work up for a thyroid mass is usually an ultrasound of the thyroid. A needle biopsy may be performed in certain circumstances. There have been many recent advances in thyroid surgery that have significantly reduced the risk of complications, improved cosmesis, and have led to better outcomes.