The esophagus and stomach are part of the gastrointestinal tract.
Benign and malignant disease in these organs may require surgical treatment. Benign tumors, in some instances may be removed endoscopically by a gastroenterologist. However, certain benign tumors and most cancerous tumors require surgical removal and intervention. Surgery may require removing a portion of the stomach referred to as a gastrectomy. Esophageal tumors may require removing a portion of the esophagus referred to as an esophagectomy.
A paraesophageal or hiatal hernia may also require surgical intervention. In this type of hernia, a portion of the stomach herniates from the abdominal cavity into the thoracic cavity. Surgical intervention for a paraesophageal or hiatal hernia entails reducing the stomach back into its proper position in the abdominal cavity, and repairing the diaphragm. Advances in minimally invasive surgical techniques such as laparoscopic and robotic surgery, have significantly improved surgical outcomes and reduced complication rates.